Minister of Finance
Emmanuel Ndindabahizi is accused of genocide or complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, and crimes against humanity. Identity
- Born in 1950 in Gitesi commune, Kibuye prefecture.
- Appointed Minister of Finance in the Interim Government on April 8, 1994.
- Ndindabahizi allegedly distributed weapons to civilian militias, called for the killing of Tutsis and supervised the activities of roadblocks in Kibuye prefecture.
- Ndindabahizi allegedly transported soldiers and Interahamwe to Gitwa Hill and Bisesero Hill and led attacks against civilian Tutsi refugees who had gathered there.
- According to his indicment, Emmanuel Ndindabahizi, « in that or between the dates of 7 April 1994 and 14 July 1994 in Kibuye préfecture, Rwanda, Emmanuel Ndindabahizi was responsible for killing or causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the civilian population identified as Tutsi »
- « Emmanuel Ndindabahizi led a campaign of extermination against the civilian population identified as Tutsi in Kibuye préfecture. The campaign was concentrated in the region where EN made his childhood home and had previously risen through the local and regional political administration to become a government minister. Bands of communal police and civilian militia under EN influence systematically attacked and pillaged homes and pysically assaulted, raped and killed persons. »
- « During April, May and June 1994 Emmanuel Ndindabahizi circulated about Gitesi, Gihsyita and Mabanza communes and instructed or supervised local administrative officials and civilian militias and local residents to kill. »
- On or about 3 May 1994, a delegation of Interim Government ministers, including EN, addressed a public forum at hte bureau communal in Kibuye. (...) EN shared the podium of speakers and honored guests with Prime Minister Jean Kambanda, minister of Information Eliézer Niyitegeka, MDR Secretary-General Donat Murego, MRND vice-president Edouard Karemera, and préfet Clément Kayishema, among others.
« La façon même dont il fréquentait ouvertement les autres membres du gouvernement intérimaire et cautionnait leur action et la politique du gouvernement intérimaire de Jean Kambanda, telle qu'exposée au cours de ladite réunion du 3 mai 1994, a eu pour effet à la fois d'accroître l'autorité personnelle d'EN dans la préfecture de Kibuye et d'acquérir allégeance de ses administrés de Kibuye au gouvernement intérimaire et à sa politique. »
By the very nature of his approving public association with, and endorsement of, hte other Interim Government ministers and the policies of Jean Kambanda, as expressed during that 3 May 1994 meeting, EN both increased his personal authority in Kibuye préfecture and conferred the allegiance of his Kibuye constituents upon the Interim Goverment and its policies.
- Prosecutor Carla del Ponte signed the indictment on June 7, 2001.
- Ndindabahizi was arrested on July 12, 2001 at Verviers, Belgium.
- Emmanuel Ndindabahizi was transfered to Arusha on 25 September 2001