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Friday 1 August  

UN envoy ends W. Sahara-Morocco talks

Published on 29 November 2012 - 10:07am
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A UN peace envoy announced that he is ending tortuous informal talks between Morocco and the Polisario Front in a bid to end the four-decade-old conflict over Western Sahara.

Special envoy Christopher Ross said the Western Sahara showdown remains "very worrisome" but that nine rounds of talks between the two since August 2009 had brought the two sides no closer to a solution.

Ross signalled however that a truce has been called in a UN battle with Morocco over whether he should continue as UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's special envoy. Ban publicly defended Ross after the Moroccan government said this year that it no longer had "confidence" in the envoy.

Morocco, whose annexation of Western Sahara in 1975 is not recognized internationally, has proposed broad autonomy for the territory under its sovereignty.

This is rejected by the pro-independence Polisario Front, which controls a small part of the desert interior and defends the right of the Sahrawi people to a self-determination referendum. The United Nations also demands a referendum.

The UN criticized Morocco's attitude toward the UN peacekeeping mission in Western Sahara in a recent report. And the Polisario Front said Moroccan police clashed with demonstrators during Ross's first visit to the territory this month.

Ross said that instead of holding more talks, he would consult with key nations following the conflict and then engage in "shuttle diplomacy" with the two sides and visit Western Sahara again.

"It is my hope that these activities will lay the groundwork for effective resumption of face-to-face meetings of the parties," he said.

"The situation remains very worrisome and should remain on the radar of the international community," Ross told reporters after UN Security Council consultations on the conflict.

He said letting the conflict "fester" was a risk heightened by the growing presence of "extremist, terrorist, and criminal elements" in neighboring Mali and other Sahel countries.

Referring to the tensions with Morocco over his role, Ross said that the welcome had been "warm and without reservation" on a recent tour of Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, and Mauritania.

Morocco's UN ambassador Mohammed Loulichki said that Ross's efforts had been put back on track after talks between UN leader Ban and Morocco's King Mohammed VI.

He said Morocco wanted negotiations that lead to a "realistic" solution but also stressed Morocco's "generous" offer of autonomy.

Polisario Front envoy Ahmed Boukhari welcomed the new initiative but insisted that there has to be a self-determination referendum.

© ANP/AFP
  • File picture shows Polisario Front soldiers during a parade in the Western ...
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