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Friday 31 October  

AU urges Mali to get dialogue going with rebels

Published on 15 November 2012 - 9:26pm
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The African Union's representative for Mali and the Sahel on Thursday urged Bamako's transitional government to hammer out the logistics of negotiations between the country and the armed groups occupying its north.

Pierre Buyoya, who is also a former Burundi president, said nailing down the logistics was a matter of urgency, adding that mediators would not be able to continue "without at least two parties at the negotiation table".

French President Francois Hollande also spoke of the need for dialogue Thursday, when he asked Malian interim President Dioncounda Traore "for a ramping up of dialogue".

"This acceleration of dialogue needs to go hand in hand with the military plans underway," he said.

Over the weekend, the 15-nation Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) approved plans to send a force of 3,300 troops, logistically backed by Western nations, to reconquer northern Mali -- all while saying they preferred a political solution.

The African Union has said that troops could also possibly come from countries outside the regional bloc, but Chad for one said Thursday it had no present plans to send troops.

Mali rapidly imploded after a coup in March allowed ethnic Tuareg desert nomads, who had relaunched a decades-old rebellion for independence, to seize the main towns in the country's vast desert north with the help of Islamist allies.

The secular separatists were quickly sidelined by the Islamists, who implemented their version of strict Islamic law, or sharia, and operated across the region with impunity, sparking growing international concern.

Among the groups controlling the desert north, Ansar Dine said Wednesday it was ready to help rid the region of "terrorim" and "foreign groups" and that it no longer wanted to impose sharia law across all of Mali, only in the sparsely populated northeast Kidal region.

Buyoya welcomed the remarks, calling them "a step in the right direction" but also struck a cautionary note saying, "Now we'll see at the negotiation table whether these statements are true".

Ansar Dine aside, there are also other Islamic extremist groups active in the area -- including Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) -- but they have not yet been implicated in the planned negotiation talks.

On Tuesday, the African Union endorsed the military intervention plan and the United Nations was expected to pass a resolution approving the mission, though it remains unclear when the first troops could be deployed.

Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou said Thursday that "all the conditions were met" for the UN Security Council to approve the intervention, adding that he hoped they could intervene "as soon as possible".

  • Ansar Dine Islamic fighters stand in Kidal in August 2012. The African ...
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