The Yoruba in Osun State, Nigeria still adhere to their indigenous religion. Their Osun-Osogbo Festival at a sacred grove just outside the city of Osogbo, has become a major tourist attraction with hundreds of thousands of visitors coming from across the globe every year. The grove was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.
Besides attracting visitors, the festival rekindles an ongoing debate between residents of Osogbo. Some locals – particularly the youth – regard both the festival and the Yoruba religion as a hindrance to achieving success in the modern world. Religious devotees respond to this view by arguing that Nigeria will never move ahead without actively including indigenous culture and religion – which they see as two inseparable entities – into the developmental process.